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5 Types Of Periodontal Disease

Oral health is one of the important constituents of maintaining overall health. Taking care of your teeth and gums can significantly reflect on your overall well-being. While there is much information on teeth issues and possible treatments, in this article, we will talk about gum diseases. Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease can take two major forms – gingivitis and periodontitis. We will explain the characteristics of both in further detail.

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    Gingivitis

    One of the most common types of gum disease is known as gingivitis. This gum problem is characterized by redness, swelling and inflammation. This is a reversible condition often caused by poor oral health. The common causes of gingivitis include improper or inadequate brushing and flossing, stress, smoking, alcohol consumption, pregnancy, hormones, aging, diabetes, infection or medicinal effect. It is a mild form of disease that does not cause much trouble but requires proper care. Some of the identifying symptoms of periodontitis are swollen and tender gums, bleeding, bad breath and discolored gums. In order to treat this condition, it is important to see your regular dentist and review your dental and medical history, assess the depth of infection and other relevant tests.

    Treatment options for this particular gum disease include professional dental cleaning where your gum pockets are removed of off buildup and tartar. This is also known as scaling and root planing which ensures all bacterial residue is cleaned and gums are made ready to restore their natural health.

    If there are any dental repairs such as ill-fitted crowns or bridges that may irritate your gum tissue, they are mostly looked after to overcome this issue. In addition to that, regular brushing and flossing play a pivotal part in maintaining this condition and preventing it at all.

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    Periodontitis

    Periodontitis is an advanced form of gingivitis and considered the most serious of the two types. If left untreated, it can cause serious gum inflammation and tooth loss. Periodontitis deepens the pockets between the teeth and gum causing the bone tissue to loosen and destroy. There are again types of periodontitis including:

    1. Aggressive Periodontitis – Appears in clinically healthy people and causes rapid bone loss.
    2. Chronic Periodontitis – It is caused by pocket formation or gum recession and can occur at any age. However, the progression of attachment loss increases over time.
    3. Systemic Periodontitis – The cause of gum tissue lends itself to systemic diseases such as diabetes, heart or respiratory disease.
    4. Necrotizing Periodontal Disease – Necrosis is the natural death of living tissue due to weak immune system and often characterized in individuals with HIV, malnutrition and immunosuppression.

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    Final Comments

    At Ace Dental Texas, we specialize in diagnosing and treating all types of periodontal diseases. If you are experiencing any symptoms and want to consult a comprehensive healthcare provider, book your consultation at (833) 777 – 7ACE. You can visit our website to look for our offices near you!

    Location:

    ACE Dental of Texas
    201 Sparta Road Suite 201
    Belton, TX 76513
    Phone: (833) 421-1080

    One Location For All Of Your Dental Needs

    We are dedicated to providing our patients with complete dental care, no matter the complexity of their needs. From regular exams and cleanings to more intricate treatments like crowns or root canals, we have the knowledge and equipment necessary for maintaining a healthy smile. Our offices are located all over town; come visit us today!

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